Sanitise

Why do I need to sanitise?

Sanitisation oxidises (removes) ammonia and kills off any problematic microbes.

Ammonia and urine go hand in hand, you can’t avoid it occurring, but you can prevent it from causing problems by washing your nappies well. But sometimes for one reason or another, it’s just not that easy to wash your nappies well. They get stinky, get stains, mould spots, or your child develops a nappy rash, redness or gets sick. Maybe you’ve purchased them second hand, or you’ve used a less than great detergent, for these reason you need to sanitise.

How can I sanitise?

The two most effective, economical and readily available options for sanitisation are chlorine bleach or 90/950C sanitise cycle, these are the only two which will oxidise ammonia.

There are three methods you can use, Small Scale Sanitise, Front Loader Sanitise and Top Loader Sanitise methods.

We have created a chlorine bleach table which calculates the quantity of chlorine bleach you need to sanitise for a variety of applications and problems.

Most Front Loader washing machines have a 90/950C sanitise cycle, and you can use chlorine bleach in a bucket, Front Loader or Top Loader washing machine.

PUL and items with elastics can’t be washed in a 90/950C sanitise cycle because they can delaminate or become damaged, for this reason we recommend using the specific option listed on the chlorine bleach table for PUL and All in One (AIO) items.

How do I use the chlorine bleach table?

  • Choose what you need to sanitise for.
  • Choose the % concentration of your chlorine bleach (sodium hypochlorite).
  • Choose the method you want to sanitise in eg. a bucket or a washing machine, for a Front Loader choose the kg capacity of your machine.
  • The result is the amount of chlorine bleach (mls) you need, it has been calculated for you!

What applications or problems are included in the chlorine bleach table?

There are 23 options to choose from including ammonia (mild, moderate, extreme), cold water washes, mould (minor and significant), one cycle washes, second hand nappies, minor stains, major stains, bacterial infections (Staphylococcus, Impetigo, Salmonella, Listeria), fungal infections and more!

Things to pay attention to

Check the label on your chlorine bleach to find out what % of sodium hypochlorite it contains.

The amount of chlorine bleach to use is listed in millilitres (mls).

Use the PUL option to sanitise All In One nappies (AIO) and PUL covers separately to fabric which is absorbent (bamboo/cotton etc). Using a higher concentration may result in delamination and damage.

Use the Coloured/non colourfast option for cotton/bamboo etc which is coloured or dyed. Using a higher concentration than what is listed under this option may result in those fabrics fading.

Now that you’ve read this important information, you’re good to go!

See the Small Scale Sanitise, Front Loader Sanitise and Top Loader Sanitise pages for full instructions and the chlorine bleach table which provides you with the result which has been calculated for you.

For full instructions for the Sanitise pages please subscribe to become a Clean Cloth Nappies Member, AUD$5/month or AUD$30/year.

Our Sanitise information is based on a variety of studies, microbiology and chemistry! See individual method pages for references.

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